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Soft law > Concerted Practices

Guidelines Concerning Distribution Systems and Business Practices

Japan Fair Trade Commission, Guidelines, 2015

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Practices regarding distribution systems and business transactions have been formed with various historical and social backgrounds, and they differ from one country to another. And there is the need to review them from time to time in order to change them for the better. In accordance with the increasing globalization of economic activity and the enhancement of Japan’s international status, and under increased need to enrich national life, Japanese distribution systems and business practices, too, are called on to change in the direction of further protecting consumers’ interests and making the Japanese market more open internationally. For this purpose, it is essential to promote free and fair competition and enable the market mechanism to fully perform its functions: more specifically, to make sure that a, firms be not prevented from freely entering a market, b, each firm can freely and independently select its customers or suppliers, c, price and other transaction terms can be set via each firm’s free and independent business judgment, and composition be engaged in by fair means on the basis of price, quality and service.
This set of the Guidelines is intended to contribute to preventing firms and trade associations from violating the Antimonopoly Act and helping in the pursuit of their appropriate activities, by specifically describing, with respect to Japanese distribution systems and business practices, the types of conduct which may impede free and fair competition and violate the Antimonopoly Act.

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